Taekwon-Do has two languages used to teach and learn its techniques, English and Taekwon-Do Terminology, based on Korean.

When you come to grade, as part of your examination, you will need to know the Taekwon-Do Terminology for your grade. The following information and the grading study sheets should help you prepare for these questions.


A Taekwon-Do student typically wears a white uniform (dobok), with a belt (ti) tied once around the waist.

The belt colour indicates the student's rank. Belts are White, Yellow, Green, Blue, Red and Black.

The school or place where training is given is called the dojang.


A Grandmaster is called a Sasung-nim (9th Dan), Senior Master is called a Sonim Sa-Hyung-nim (8th Dan), Master is called a Sa-Hyung-nim (7th Dan), Instructor is called Sabum-nim (4th, 5th, 6th Dan), Assistant Instructor is called Bo-Sabum-nim (1st, 2nd, 3rd Dan).

Black belt students also wear black piping around the edge of their Doboks, this is symbolic of the Korean royal dress code during the Koguryo, Baekje and Silla Dynasties.

Commands and Counting

Taekwon-Do terminology will be used as commands during class. You will also be encouraged to count using terminology during class and during gradings. The following words are common amongst Taekwon-Do schools, but pronunciation can vary.

Cha-ryeot - Attention
Gyeong-nye - Bow
Ba-ro - Return
Shwi-yo - At ease(relax)
Hae-san - Dismiss
ki-hap - Shout(yell)
Junbi - Ready
Shi-jak - Begin(start)
Hechyeo - Break(seperate)
Gyeh-sok - Continue
Geu-man - Finish(stop)
Dwiro-dora - Turn around(180 degrees)
Hae-san - Dismiss
One (1) - Hanna
Two (2) - Dool
Three (3) - Set
Four (4) - Net
Five (5) - Dasot
Six (6) - Yasot
Seven (7) - Ilgop
Eight (8) - Yadul
Nine (9) - Ahop
Ten (10) - Yul


Study guides

Grading Guide - Download

Full book of theory sheets - Download

10th Kup White Belt  Download
9th Kup White Belt Yellow Stripe Download
8th Kup Yellow Belt Download
7th Kup Yellow Belt Green Stripe Download
  Three Step Sparring Guide Download
6th Kup Green Belt Download
  Two Step Sparring Guide Download
5th Kup Green Belt Blue Stripe Download
4th Kup Blue Belt Download
3rd Kup Blue Belt Red Strripe Download
2nd Kup Download
1st Kup Red Belt Black Stripe Download
All Dan Grades

1st Dan Black Belt

2nd Dan Black Belt

3rd Dan Black Belt

4th Dan Black Belt

5th Dan Black Belt

6th Dan Black Belt

7th Dan Black Belt

8th Dan Black Belt

9th Dan Black Belt